One minimum condition for adherence to the rule of law requires the lawgiver to draw a clear and knowable line between conduct that is legal and that which is illegal…Inescapably, the broad-scale effort to regulate unilateral practices by dominant firms is in sharp tension with traditional rule-of-law concerns.
Knocking down tariff barriers – a skill that is in short supply in the EC – turns out to be a far more effective remedy for major forms of abuse.
Once the dominant firm is identified, Ms Kroes notes (se refiere al famoso discurso de Kroes en Fordham en 2007) that the firm is entitled to make an ‘efficiency defence’ under Article 82, but only under a stringent standard that requires the firm to prove that ‘the unilateral conduct should be indispensable to realise these efficiencies’. The extensive litigation under this standard must necessarily sort out both the costs and benefits of various practices, not only for the dominant firm, but for all parties with whom it deals and
competes. These calculations, moreover, must be made over the short and the long term. ‘Indispensable’ is one rigorous standard