El otro blog para cosas más serias

El otro blog para cosas más serias
El otro blog para cosas más serias

miércoles, 18 de febrero de 2009

PARA EL DERECHO, LOS PRECIOS SON INSUMOS, NO PRODUCTOS

H. Kaiser ha publicado un “A Primer in Antitrust Law and Policy" en el que resume espléndidamente la relación entre el sistema jurídico y los precios y el papel de intermediario del Derecho antimonopolio:

Antitrust... protects the integrity of the legal system. The operation of the legal system critically depends on its ability not to deal with certain problems. For example, the legal system refuses to decide political questions. It refuses to settle scientific or religious disputes. And it fights tooth and nail to stay out of the price setting business. In fact, when it comes to the latter, the display of humility by the judiciary is quite remarkable. Why such (self-) restraint? Because the legal system would quite literally overload and collapse if it had to deal with price setting in all but the rarest of circumstances. The operation of the legal system depends on prices being inputs, not outputs. Because the legal system is structurally coupled to the economic system through the institution of the contract, the law must insist on certain minimal conditions of justice in the economic system’s price setting mechanism. The maintenance of competitive markets through antitrust regulation is one of those important self-restraint- enabling interventions of the legal system in the operations of the economic system. Only as long as markets can plausibly be trusted to produce just results can the law simply transform market results (prices) into enforceable obligations without fear of undermining its own legitimacy. The almost complete disengagement from substantive review at the transaction level requires certain procedural oversight of the market process. Antitrust performs that supervisory role”.

Lo que no debería ser olvidado, por ejemplo, cuando se interpreta y aplica el art. 4.2 de la Directiva 13/93 sobre cláusulas abusivas y la Ley de consumidores y usuarios.

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