sábado, 22 de enero de 2011

¿Es inconstitucional prohibir a las empresas financiar campañas publicitarias políticas en televisión?

Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission has been described as “one of the most important business decisions in a generation.” In Citizens United, the Supreme Court of the United States invalidated section 441(b) of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 as unconstitutional. That section prohibited corporations (and unions) from financing “electioneering communications” (speech that expressly advocates the election or defeat of a candidate) within 30 days of a primary election. The five Justices in the majority rested their holding on the assertion that “Government may not suppress political speech on the basis of the speaker’s corporate identity.” In reaching this conclusion, the majority relied on a view of the corporation fundamentally as an “association of citizens.”

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